Friday, January 22, 2010

Mermaid Art/ Greek and Egyptian Mythology/ Oceanos and Tethys




















Oceanos and Tethys
2009
by Eric Whollem
mixed media digital art
Copyright by the artist.

Egyptian Influences in Greek Mythology

Orpheus is often attributed with the importation of Egyptian metaphysical
ideas into Greece. Orpheus brought the cult of Demeter out of Egypt. It could
be that many elements of Greek initiatory rites stem from the land of the Nile
as well. The subject is complex. This complexity is increased when one recognizes
that many varying schools of thought and different religious doctrines span the
centuries in Egypt and Greece.

Osiris, called Ausar by the Egyptians, was the God of the Great Green Sea.
His name means Ocean. It is easy to see the correlation with the Greek god,
Oceanos (also spelled Okeanos).


Moera
1992
by Eric Whollem
earth paints on terracotta
PHOTO COPYRIGHT BY THE ARTIST

CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE

Moera is a version of the many names given to Aphrodite, a Goddess
widely worshipped in various forms throughout the ancient Mediterranean
world. She is also called Moira and Marina. Her Egyptian prototype was
Mer.


A sculpture video.

WHO WAS TETHYS?

In Egypt Ausar was mated to Isis, his sister. Oceanos was wedded to Tethys,
his sister.

Is Tethys a Greek rendition of the Egyptian Temu? Temu was the great fish
Goddess, Nun, or Ma-Nu. Te and ti are designations of god or goddess,
relating to the English word, divine. Temu, as such, is Goddess of the Waters.
She was mother of Isis, etc. Tmu, the God of the Waters, is the male aspect
of Temu.


The Egyptian Mermaid
AMPHITRITONIAN POST
2000
a faux postage mermaid stamp
by Eric Whollem
COPYRIGHT BY THE ARTIST

CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE


THE EGYPTIAN MERMAID

Temu is related etymologically to Tehom, the womb of the sea. In Genesis
the Deep is Tehom. Genesis describes, on one level, a marriage of heaven and
the sea. Birdlife is described in Genesis as coming forth from the sea, which
suggests an evolutionary scheme.

In Egypt the 'Book of the Dead' delineates the earliest mythological systems of
the Nile, wherein the Ape Mothers from the beginning of time were called
the children of Temu, who corresponds to the Hebraic "Deep." Isis, Nepthys,
and the whole hierarchy of early Egyptian Goddesses were among these Ape
Mothers.

One might speculate whether the Egyptians psychically perceived the original
order of evolution, wherein the Waters (Temu) were the progenitors of the
apes. This suggests evolution from an aquatic beginning. Rudolf Steiner, in his
book, 'Egyptian Myths and Mysteries,' suggests such a scheme. Steiner has
his own Anthroposophical evolutionary theories which includes the mermaid
and the merman as prototypical forms of the human race. Steiner calls the early
merpeople 'Wasserman,' or Waterman, which is bascially the Mermaid form.

The Nag Hammadi gospels, ancient Coptic Egyptian Christian scriptures found
in Egypt, describe the Garden of Eden as underwater. Adam and Eve are
created as images in the water in the text entitled, 'The Hypostasis of the
Archons.'


This video presents more of my mermaid
and Goddess art.

Mer is a frequent name for Egyptian queens from the earliest days. The word
'mer' means both mother and water in Egyptian. The ocean is called 'La Mer'
in French, a Latin language. 'Mere' means mother in French. The largest temple
complex in ancient Mesopotamia was the Temple of Mari, a Sea Goddess.
Her name parallels that of the mother of Jesus. It is well-known, of course,
that the Fish was a principal symbol of early Christianity. But in the Talmudic
traditions it was said long ago that the elect must don the scales of fish to
enter Heaven.


THE CARTHAGENIAN DOLPHIN GODDESS

Tanit, the Carthaginian Dolphin Goddess, may relate to Tethys, Temu, and
Tehom. And Tethys could correspond to the Mesopotamian Tihamat. These
notions are speculative.

The oldest mythic story coming down to us from Mesopotamia is the 'Gilgamesh
Epic,' wherein the hero Gilgamesh descends to the bottom of the sea in search
of the Ox Horn Tree, the Tree of Knowledge. This legend has numerous parallels
with the account of the Garden of Eden in Genesis.

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These notes are brief summaries of ideas in my book, The Mystery of the Mermaids.
Any questions on these ideas can be addressed to me in Comments.

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Readers interested in my posts on Mythographic Art may want to view:
 
 
CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
 
 
My Poster Stamp here shows an image of
'The Sea Cave.' More of my mermaid
stamp designs can be found below:
 
 
My posts on the topic of Mermaids can be accessed here:

BELOW ARE SOME OF MY
POPULAR MERMAID
VIDEOS

PORTAL OF THE SEASKY by Eric Whollem                   

SELKIES IN CELTIC MYTHOLOGY by Eric Whollem         

Those interested in Mythology may want to see:
http://artblogericwhollem.blogspot.com/search/label/mythology

My stamps from AMPHITRITONIA feature many mermaids:
http://artblogericwhollem.blogspot.com/search/label/amphitritionia


The Sea Sprite
2004
by Eric Whollem
oxides on white clay
Private collection
PHOTO COPYRIGHT BY THE ARTIST

More of my Mermaid Sculptures can be seen here:
http://artblogericwhollem.blogspot.com/search/label/ceramic%20sculptures

MYTHOGRAPHIC ART
Ceramic sculpture, artist stamps, poster stamps.
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